Unit –
1: Physics and Measurement
Physics,
technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and
derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of
measuring instruments, Errors in measurement,
Significant figures.
Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis
and its applications.
Unit – 2: Kinematics
Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line:
Positiontime graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and
nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous
velocity
Uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime,
positiontime graphs, relations for uniformly
accelerated motion.
Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction,
Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector,
Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a
plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.
Unit  3: Laws of Motion
Force and Inertia, Newton's First Law of motion;
Momentum, Newton's Second Law of motion; Impulse;
Newton's Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of
linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of
concurrent forces.
Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling
friction.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force
and its applications.
Unit
4: Work, Energy and Power
Work done by a constant force and a variable force;
kinetic and potential energies, workenergy theorem,
power.
Potential energy of a spring, conservation of
mechanical energy, conservative and nonconservative
forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two
dimensions.
Unit –
5: Rotational Motion
Centre of mass of a twoparticle system, Centre of mass
of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion;
moment of a force, torque, angular momentum,
conservation of angular momentum and its applications;
moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments
of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and
perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
Rigid
body rotation, equations of rotational motion.
Unit
–6: Gravitation
The
universal law of gravitation.
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with
altitude and depth.
Kepler's laws of planetary motion.
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational
potential.
Escape
velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite.
Geostationary satellites.
Unit  7: Properties of Solids and Liquids
Elastic behaviour, Stressstrain relationship, Hooke's. Law, Young's
modulus,
bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.
Pressure
due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its
applications.
Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline
and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli's
principle and its applications.
Surface
energy and surface tension, angle of contact,
application of surface tension  drops, bubbles and
capillary rise.
Heat,
temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity,
calorimetry; change of state, latent heat.
Heat
transferconduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s
law of cooling.
Unit
–8:Thermodynamics
Thermal
equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of
temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First law
of thermodynamics.
Second
law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible
processes. Camot engine and its efficiency.
Unit
9: Kinetic Theory of Gases
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on
compressing a gas.
Kinetic
theory of gases  assumptions, concept of pressure.
Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas
molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of
energy, applications to specific heat capacities of
gases; Mean free path, Avogadro's number.
Unit –10: Oscillations and Waves
Periodic
motion  period, frequency, displacement as a function
of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.)
and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring 
restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. 
kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum 
derivation of expression for its time period; Free,
forced and damped oscillations, resonance.
Wave
motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a
wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave.
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of
waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes,
fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in
sound.
Unit
 11:Electrostatics
Electric
charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb's lawforces
between two point charges, forces between multiple
charges; superposition principle and continuous charge
distribution.
Electric
field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric
field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a
dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find
field due to infinitely long, uniformly charged straight
wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and
uniformly charged thin spherical shell.
Electric
potential and its calculation for a point charge,
electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential
surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two
point charges in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric
polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in
series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate
capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the
plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
Unit
 12: Currrent Electricity
Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm's law, Electrical
resistance, Resistances of different materials, VI
characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors,
Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity,
Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel
combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of
resistance. .
Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential
difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in
series and in parallel.
Kirchhoff's laws and their applications. Wheatstone
bridge, Metre bridge.
Potentiometer  principle and its applications.
Unit
 13: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Biot 
Savart law and its application to current carrying
circular loop.
Ampere's
law and its applications to infinitely long current
carrying
straight
wire and solenoid.
Force on
a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
Cyclotron.
Force on
a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic
field. Force between two parallel currentcarrying
conductorsdefinition of ampere. Torque experienced by a
current loop in uniform magnetic field; Moving coil
galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to
ammeter and voltmeter.
Current
loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole
moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic
field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic
elements. Para, dia and ferro magnetic substances
Magnetic
susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis,
Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
Unit14: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's law, induced emf
and current; Lenz's Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual
inductance.
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating
current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series
circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC
circuits, wattless current.
AC generator and transformer.
Unit – 15: Electromagnetic Waves
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics.
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves,
infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays).
Applications of e.m. waves .
Unit –
16: Optics
Reflection and refraction of light at plane and
spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal
reflection and its applications, Deviation and
Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula,
Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin
lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope
(reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Wave
optics: wavefront and Huygens' principle, Laws of
reflection and refraction using Huygen's
principle. Interference, Young's double
slit experiment and expression for fringe width,
coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central
maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical
telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light;
Brewster's law, uses of plane polarized light and
Polaroids.
Unit17: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Dual
nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and
Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric
equation; particle nature of light.
Matter
waveswave nature of particle, de Broglie relation.
DavissonGermer experiment.
Unit
 18: Atoms and Nuclei
Alphaparticle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model
of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses,
isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivityalpha, beta
and gamma particles/rays and their properties;
radioactive decay law. Massenergy relation, mass
defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation
with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
Unit – 19: Electronic Devices
Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: IV
characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a
rectifier; IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar
cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage
regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action,
characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an
amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator.
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as
a switch.
Unit
– 20: Communication Systems
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere;
Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation,
Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of
signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic
Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).
SECTION –B
Unit – 21: Experimental Skills
Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of
the experiments and activities:
1.
Vernier
callipers—its use to measure internal and external
diameter and depth of a vessel
2.Screw
gauge—its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin
sheet/wire.
3.
Simple
Pendulum  dissipation of energy by plotting a graph
between square of amplitude and time.
4.
Metre
Scale  mass of a given object by principle of moments
5. Young's
modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire
6.
Surface
tension of water by capillary rise and effect of
detergents
7.
Coefficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by
measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
8.
Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between
the temperature of a hot body and time.
9.
Speed
of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance
tube.
10.
Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii)
liquid by method of mixtures.
11.
Resistivity
of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.
12.
Resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law
13.
Potentiometer –
(i) Comparison of emf of two primary cells.
(ii)
Internal
resistance of a cell.
14. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by
half deflection method.
(i)
Convex mirror
(ii)
Concave mirror, and
(iii)Convex
lens
16. Using
parallax method. Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of
incidence for a triangular prism.
17. Refractive
index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope
18. Characteristic
curves of a p  n junction diode in forward and reverse
bias.
19. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding
reverse break down voltage.
20. Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding
current gain and voltage gain
21. Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC,
Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
(i) Identify base of a transistor
(ii)
Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor
(iii) See
the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an
LED.
(iv) Check
the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component
(diode, transistor or IC).
