PAPER - I
1. Atomic Structure:
Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, Schrodinger wave equation
(time independent); Interpretation of wave function,
particle in one-dimensional box, quantum numbers, hydrogen
atom wave functions; Shapes of s, p and d orbitals.
2. Chemical Bonding:
Ionic bond, characteristics of ionic compounds, lattice
energy, Born-Haber cycle; covalent bond and its general
characteristics, polarities of bonds in molecules and their
dipole moments; Valence bond theory, concept of resonance
and resonance energy; Molecular orbital theory (LCAO
method); bonding in H2+, H2, He2+
to Ne2, NO, CO, HF, and CN–;
Comparison of valence bond and molecular orbital theories,
bond order, bond strength and bond length.
3. Solid State:
Crystal systems; Designation of crystal faces, lattice
structures and unit cell; Bragg's law; X-ray diffraction by
crystals; Close packing, radius ratio rules, calculation of
some limiting radius ratio values; Structures of NaCl, ZnS,
CsCl and CaF2; Stoichiometric and
nonstoichiometric defects, impurity defects,
4. The Gaseous State and Transport Phenomenon:
Equation of state for real gases, intermolecular interactions
and critical phenomena and liquefaction of gases, Maxwell's
distribution of speeds, intermolecular collisions,
collisions on the wall and effusion; Thermal conductivity
and viscosity of ideal gases.
5. Liquid State:
Kelvin equation; Surface tension and surface energy, wetting
and contact angle, interfacial tension and capillary action.
Work, heat and internal energy; first law of thermodynamics.
Second law of thermodynamics; entropy as a state function,
entropy changes in various processes, entropy–reversibility
and irreversibility, Free energy functions; Thermodynamic
equation of state; Maxwell relations; Temperature, volume
and pressure dependence of U, H, A, G, Cp and Cv,
α and β; J-T effect and inversion temperature;
criteria for equilibrium, relation between equilibrium
constant and thermodynamic quantities; Nernst heat theorem,
introductory idea of third law of thermodynamics.
7. Phase Equilibria and Solutions:
Clausius-Clapeyron equation; phase diagram for a pure
substance; phase equilibria in binary systems, partially
miscible liquids–upper and lower critical solution
temperatures; partial molar quantities, their significance
and determination; excess thermodynamic functions and their
Debye-Huckel theory of strong electrolytes and Debye-Huckel
limiting Law for various equilibrium and transport
Galvanic cells, concentration cells; electrochemical series,
measurement of e.m.f. of cells and its applications fuel
cells and batteries.
Processes at electrodes; double layer at the interface; rate
of charge transfer, current density; overpotential;
electroanalytical techniques: Polarography, amperometry, ion
selective electrodes and their uses.
9. Chemical Kinetics:
Differential and integral rate equations for zeroth, first,
second and fractional order reactions; Rate equations
involving reverse, parallel, consecutive and chain
reactions; branching chain and explosions; effect of
temperature and pressure on rate constant; Study of fast
reactions by stop-flow and relaxation methods; Collisions
and transition state theories.
Absorption of light; decay of excited state by different
routes; photochemical reactions between hydrogen and
halogens and their quantum yields.
11. Surface Phenomena and Catalysis:
Absorption from gases and solutions on solid adsorbents,
Langmuir and B.E.T. adsorption isotherms; determination of
surface area, characteristics and mechanism of reaction on
12. Bio-inorganic Chemistry:
Metal ions in biological systems and their role in ion
transport across the membranes (molecular mechanism),
oxygen-uptake proteins, cytochromes and ferredoxins.
13. Coordination Compounds:
(a) Bonding theories of metal complexes; Valence bond theory,
crystal field theory and its modifications; applications of
theories in the explanation of magnetism and electronic
spectra of metal complexes.
(b) Isomerism in coordination compounds; IUPAC nomenclature
of coordination compounds; stereochemistry of complexes with
4 and 6 coordination numbers; chelate effect and polynuclear
complexes; trans effect and its theories; kinetics of
substitution reactions in square-planer complexes;
thermodynamic and kinetic stability of complexes.
(c) EAN rule, Synthesis structure and reactivity of metal
carbonyls; carboxylate anions, carbonyl hydrides and metal
(d) Complexes with aromatic systems, synthesis, structure and
bonding in metal olefin complexes, alkyne complexes and
cyclopentadienyl complexes; coordinative unsaturation,
oxidative addition reactions, insertion reactions, fluxional
molecules and their characterization; Compounds with
metal-metal bonds and metal atom clusters.
14. Main Group Chemistry:
Boranes, borazines, phosphazenes and cyclic phosphazene,
silicates and silicones, Interhalogen compounds; Sulphur –
nitrogen compounds, noble gas compounds.
15. General Chemistry of ‘f’ Block Elements:
Lanthanides and actinides; separation, oxidation states,
magnetic and spectral properties; lanthanide contraction.
PAPER - II
Delocalised Covalent Bonding:
Aromaticity, anti-aromaticity; annulenes, azulenes,
tropolones, fulvenes, sydnones.
Reaction Mechanisms: General methods (both kinetic and
non-kinetic) of study of mechanism of organic reactions:
isotopic method, cross-over experiment, intermediate
trapping, stereochemistry; energy of activation;
thermodynamic control and kinetic control of reactions.
(b) Reactive Intermediates: Generation, geometry,
stability and reactions of carbonium ions and carbanions,
free radicals, carbenes, benzynes and nitrenes.
(c) Substitution Reactions: SN1, SN2
and SNi mechanisms; neighbouring group
participation; electrophilic and nucleophilic reactions of
aromatic compounds including heterocyclic compounds–pyrrole,
furan, thiophene and indole.
(d) Elimination Reactions: E1, E2 and E1cb mechanisms;
orientation in E2 reactions–Saytzeff and Hoffmann; pyrolytic
syn elimination – Chugaev and Cope eliminations.
(e) Addition Reactions: Electrophilic addition to C=C
and C≡C; nucleophilic addition to C=0, C≡N,
conjugated olefins and carbonyls.
(f) Reactions and Rearrangements: (a)
Pinacol-pinacolone, Hoffmann, Beckmann, Baeyer–Villiger,
Favorskii, Fries, Claisen, Cope, Stevens and Wagner-Meerwein
(g) Aldol condensation, Claisen condensation, Dieckmann,
Perkin, Knoevenagel, Witting, Clemmensen, Wolff-Kishner,
Cannizzaro and von Richter reactions; Stobbe, benzoin and
acyloin condensations; Fischer indole synthesis, Skraup
synthesis, Bischler-Napieralski, Sandmeyer, Reimer-Tiemann
and Reformatsky reactions.
Classification and examples; Woodward-Hoffmann rules –
electrocyclic reactions, cycloaddition reactions [2+2 and
4+2] and sigmatropic shifts [1, 3; 3, 3 and 1, 5] FMO
Preparation and Properties of Polymers:
polymers–polyethylene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride,
teflon, nylon, terylene, synthetic and natural rubber.
(b) Biopolymers: Structure of proteins, DNA and RNA.
Synthetic Uses of Reagents:
OsO4, HIO4, CrO3, Pb(OAc)4,
SeO2, NBS, B2H6, Na-Liquid
NH3, LiAlH4, NaBH4, n-BuLi
Photochemical reactions of simple organic
compounds, excited and ground states, singlet and triplet
states, Norrish-Type I and Type II reactions.
and applications in structure elucidation:
(a) Rotational: Diatomic molecules; isotopic
substitution and rotational constants.
(b) Vibrational: Diatomic molecules, linear triatomic
molecules, specific frequencies of functional groups in
Electronic: Singlet and triplet states; n
transitions; application to conjugated double bonds and
conjugated carbonyls–Woodward-Fieser rules; Charge transfer
(d) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR):
Basic principle; chemical shift and spin-spin interaction
and coupling constants.
(e) Mass Spectrometry: Parent peak, base peak,
metastable peak, McLafferty rearrangement.