PAPER – I
Introduction: Meaning, scope and
significance of Public Administration; Wilson’s vision of
Public Administration; Evolution of the discipline and its
present status; New Public Administration; Public Choice
approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation,
Globalisation; Good Governance: concept and application;
New Public Management.
Administrative Thought: Scientific
Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical
Theory; Weber’s bureaucratic model – its critique and post-Weberian
Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett);
Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions
of the Executive (C.I. Barnard); Simon’s decision-making
theory; Participative Management (R. Likert, C.Argyris,
Administrative Behaviour: Process and
techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale;
Motivation Theories – content, process and contemporary;
Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.
Organisations: Theories – systems,
contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and
Departments, Corporations, Companies, Boards and
Commissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and
Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public -
Accountability and control:
Concepts of accountability and control; Legislative, Executive and
Judicial control over administration; Citizen and
Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary
organizations; Civil society; Citizen’s Charters; Right to
Information; Social audit.
Administrative Law: Meaning, scope and
significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated
legislation; Administrative Tribunals.
Comparative Public Administration:
Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative
systems; Administration and politics in different countries;
Current status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology
and administration; Riggsian models and their critique.
Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration;
‘Anti-development thesis’; Bureaucracy and development;
Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of
liberalisation on administration in developing countries;
Women and development - the self-help group movement.
Personnel Administration: Importance of
human resource development; Recruitment, training, career
advancement, position classification, discipline,
performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service
conditions; employer-employee relations, grievance redressal
mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative ethics.
Models of policy-making and
their critique; Processes of conceptualisation, planning,
implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their
limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.
Techniques of Administrative Improvement:
Organisation and methods, Work study and work management;
e-governance and information technology; Management aid
tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.
Financial Administration: Monetary and
fiscal policies; Public borrowings and public debt Budgets
- types and forms; Budgetary process; Financial
accountability; Accounts and audit.
Evolution of Indian Administration:
Kautilya’s Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of
British rule in politics and administration - Indianization
of public services, revenue administration, district
administration, local self-government.
Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government:
Salient features and value premises;
Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and
democracy; Bureaucracy and development.
Sector Undertakings: Public sector in
modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems
of autonomy, accountability and control; Impact of
liberalization and privatization.
Government and Administration:
Parliament, Judiciary - structure, functions, work
processes; Recent trends; Intragovernmental relations;
Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central
Secretariat; Ministries and Departments; Boards;
Commissions; Attached offices; Field organizations.
and Priorities: Machinery of planning;
Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission
and the National Development Council; ‘Indicative’
planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State
levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized
planning for economic development and social justice.
Government and Administration: Union-State
administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role
of the Finance Commission; Governor; Chief Minister;
Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat;
District Administration since Independence:
Changing role of the Collector; Union-state-local relations; Imperatives
of development management and law and order administration;
District administration and democratic decentralization.
Services: Constitutional position;
Structure, recruitment, training and capacity-building;
Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and
discipline; Staff associations; Political rights; Grievance
redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service
Financial Management: Budget as a
political instrument; Parliamentary control of public
expenditure; Role of finance ministry in monetary and
fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of
Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor
General of India.
Administrative Reforms since Independence:
Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in
financial management and human resource development;
Problems of implementation.
Development: Institutions and agencies
since independence; Rural development programmes: foci and
strategies; Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd
Local Government: Municipal governance:
main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th
Constitutional Amendment; Global-local debate; New
localism; Development dynamics, politics and administration
with special reference to city management.
and Order Administration: British legacy;
National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of
central and state agencies including paramilitary forces in
maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and
terrorism; Criminalisation of politics and administration;
Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.
Significant issues in Indian Administration:
Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National
Human Rights Commission; Problems of administration in
coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface;
Corruption and administration; Disaster management.