PAPER – I
1. Non-chordata and Chordata:
Classification and relationship of various phyla up to
subclasses: Acoelomate and Coelomate, Protostomes and
Deuterostomes, Bilateria and Radiata; Status of Protista,
Parazoa, Onychophora and Hemichordata; Symmetry.
Locomotion, nutrition, reproduction, sex; General features
and life history of Paramaecium, Monocystis, Plasmodium and
Skeleton, canal system and reproduction.
Polymorphism, defensive structures and their mechanism;
coral reefs and their formation; metagenesis; general
features and life history of Obelia and Aurelia.
Platyhelminthes: Parasitic adaptation; general features and
life history of Fasciola and Taenia and their pathogenic
Nemathelminthes: General features, life history, parasitic
adaptation of Ascaris and Wuchereria.
Coelom and metamerism; modes of life in polychaetes; general
features and life history of Nereis, earthworm and leach.
Larval forms and parasitism in Crustacea; vision and
respiration in arthropods (Prawn, cockroach and scorpion);
modification of mouth parts in insects (cockroach, mosquito,
housefly, honey bee and butterfly); metamorphosis in insect
and its hormonal regulation, social behaviour of Apis and
Feeding, respiration, locomotion, general features and life
history of Lamellidens, Pila and Sepia, torsion and
detorsion in gastropods.
Echinodermata: Feeding, respiration, locomotion, larval
forms, general features and life history of Asterias.
Protochordata: Origin of chordates; general features and
life history of Branchiostoma and Herdmania.
Respiration, locomotion and migration.
Origin of tetrapods, parental care, paedomorphosis.
Origin of reptiles, skull types, status of Sphenodon and
Origin of birds, flight adaptation, migration.
Origin of mammals, dentition, general features of egg laying
mammals, pouched-mammals, aquatic mammals and primates,
endocrine glands (pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal,
pancreas, gonads) and their interrelationships.
functional anatomy of various systems of vertebrates
(integument and its derivatives, endoskeleton, locomotory
organs, digestive system, respiratory system, circulatory
system including heart and aortic arches, urino-genital
system, brain and sense organs (eye and ear).
Concept of biosphere; biomes, Biogeochemical cycles, Human
induced changes in atmosphere including green house effect,
ecological succession, biomes and ecotones, community
ecosystem; structure and function of ecosystem, types of
ecosystem, ecological succession, ecological adaptation.
characteristics, population dynamics, population
and diversity conservation of natural resources.
sensing for sustainable development.
Environmental biodegradation, pollution and its impact on
biosphere and its prevention.
Sensory filtering, reponsiveness, sign stimuli, learning and
memory, instinct, habituation, conditioning, imprinting.
hormones in drive; role of pheromones in alarm spreading;
crypsis, predator detection, predator tactics, social
hierarchies in primates, social organization in insects.
navigation, homing, biological rhythms, biological clock,
tidal, seasonal and circadian rhythms.
studying animal behaviour including sexual conflict,
selfishness, kinship and altruism.
4. Economic Zoology:
sericulture, lac culture, carp culture, pearl culture, prawn
infectious and communicable diseases (malaria, filaria,
tuberculosis, cholera and AIDS) their vectors, pathogens and
livestock diseases, their pathogen (helminthes) and vectors
(ticks, mites, Tabanus, Stomoxys).
sugar cane (Pyrilla perpusiella) oil seed (Achaea janata)
and rice (Sitophilus oryzae).
biotechnology, human genetic disease and genetic counselling,
experiments; null hypothesis; correlation, regression,
distribution and measure of central tendency, chi square,
student-test, F-test (one-way & two-way F-test).
6. Instrumentation Methods:
Spectrophotometer, phase contrast and fluorescence
microscopy, radioactive tracer, ultra centrifuge, gel
electrophoresis, PCR, ELISA, FISH and chromosome painting.
microscopy (TEM, SEM).
PAPER - II
1. Cell Biology:
and function of cell and its organelles (nucleus, plasma
membrane, mitochondria, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum,
ribosomes, and lysosomes), cell division (mitosis and
meiosis), mitotic spindle and mitotic apparatus, chromosome
movements, chromosome type polytene and lambrush,
organization of chromatin, heterochromatin, Cell cycle
topology, DNA motif, DNA replication, transcription, RNA
processing, translation, protein foldings and transport.
concept of gene, split gene, genetic regulation, genetic
chromosomes and their evolution, sex determination in
Drosophila and man.
laws of inheritance, recombination, linkage, multiple
alleles, genetics of blood groups, pedigree analysis,
hereditary diseases in man.
DNA technology; plasmid, cosmid, artificial chromosomes as
vectors, transgenic, DNA cloning and whole animal cloning
(principles and methods).
regulation and expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
molecules, cell death, defects in signaling pathway and
and AFLP and application of RFLP in DNA finger printing,
ribozyme technologies, human genome project, genomics and
origin of life.
evolution; Natural selection, role of mutations in
evolution, evolutionary patterns, molecular drive, mimicry,
variation, isolation and speciation.
horse, elephant and man using fossil data.
drift and distribution of animals.
Zoological nomenclature, international
code, cladistics, molecular taxonomy and biodiversity.
and role of carbohydrates, fats, fatty acids and
cholesterol, proteins and amino-acids, nucleic acids.
and Kreb cycle, oxidation and reduction, oxidative
phosphorylation, energy conservation and release, ATP cycle,
cyclic AMP – its structure and role.
classification (steroid and peptide hormones), biosynthesis
types and mechanisms of action.
Immunoglobulin and immunity.
6. Physiology (with special reference to
and constituents of blood; blood groups and Rh factor in
man, factors and mechanism of coagulation, iron metabolism,
acid-base balance, thermo-regulation, anticoagulants.
Composition, types and role in transport of oxygen and
and absorption: Role of salivary glands, liver, pancreas
and intestinal glands.
nephron and regulation of urine formation; osmo-regulation
and excretory product
Types, mechanism of contraction of skeletal muscles, effects
of exercise on muscles.
nerve impulse – its conduction and synaptic transmission,
hearing and olfaction in man.
of reproduction, puberty and menopause in human.
7. Developmental Biology:
Gametogenesis; spermatogenesis, composition of semen, in
vitro and in vivo capacitation of mammalian sperm,
Oogenesis, totipotency; fertilization, morphogenesis and
morphogen, blastogenesis, establishment of body axes
formation, fate map, gestulation in frog and chick; genes in
development in chick, homeotic genes, development of eye and
heart, placenta in mammals.
lineage, cell-to cell interaction, Genetic and induced
teratogenesis, role of thyroxine in control of metamorphosis
in amphibia, paedogenesis and neoteny, cell death, aging.
Developmental genes in man, in vitro fertilization and
embryo transfer, cloning.
Sources, types and their use in human welfare.