General:
Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least
count, significant figures; Methods of measurement
and error analysis for physical quantities
pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments
based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge
(micrometer), Determination of g using simple
pendulum, Young’s modulus by Searle’s method,
Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal
length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using
uv method, Speed of sound using resonance column,
Verification of Ohm’s law using voltmeter and
ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of
a wire using meter bridge and post office box.
Mechanics:
Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian
coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform Circular
motion; Relative velocity.
Newton’s laws
of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames
of reference; Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic
and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation
of linear momentum and mechanical energy.
Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and
inelastic collisions.
Law of
gravitation; Gravitational potential and field;
Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and
satellites in circular orbits; Escape velocity.
Rigid body,
moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes
theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with
simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque;
Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid
bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without
slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres;
Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point
masses with rigid bodies.
Linear and
angular simple harmonic motions.
Hooke’s law,
Young’s modulus.
Pressure in a
fluid; Pascal’s law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and
surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (Poiseuille’s
equation excluded), Stoke’s law; Terminal velocity,
Streamline flow, equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s
theorem and its applications.
Wave motion
(plane waves only), longitudinal and transverse
waves, superposition of waves; Progressive and
stationary waves; Vibration of strings and air
columns; Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases;
Doppler effect (in sound).
Thermal Physics:
Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases;
Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one
dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and
radiation; Newton’s law of cooling; Ideal gas laws;
Specific heats (Cv and Cp for mono atomic and
diatomic gases); Isothermal and adiabatic processes,
bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work;
First law of thermodynamics and its applications
(only for ideal gases); Blackbody radiation:
absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchoff’s law;
Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law.
Electricity and
Magnetism:
Coulomb’s law; Electric field and potential;
Electrical potential energy of a system of point
charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform
electrostatic field; Electric field lines; Flux of
electric field; Gauss’s law and its application in
simple cases, such as, to find field due to
infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged
infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin
spherical shell.
Capacitance;
Parallel plate capacitor with and without
dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel;
Energy stored in a capacitor.
Electric
current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel arrangements
of resistances and cells; Kirchoff’s laws and simple
applications; Heating effect of current.
Biot–Savart’s
law and Ampere’s law; Magnetic field near a
currentcarrying straight wire, along the axis of a
circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid;
Force on a moving charge and on a currentcarrying
wire in a uniform magnetic field.
Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a
uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving
coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their
conversions.
Electromagnetic
induction:
Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law; Self and mutual
inductance; RC, LR and LC circuits with d.c. and a.c.
sources.
Optics:
Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and
refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total
internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of
light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of
mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification.
Wave nature of light: Huygen’s principle,
interference limited to Young’s doubleslit
experiment.
Modern physics:
Atomic nucleus; Alpha, beta and gamma radiations;
Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Halflife
and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation;
Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in
these processes.
Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogenlike
atoms; Characteristic and continuous Xrays,
Moseley’s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter
waves.
