The social process by which individuals interacts with each other face to face in small groups is called group dynamics. People in group are constantly in contact with each other and they work as a team to complete the tasks given. The goals of the group are clearly defined by the group members and they can suggest each other for achieving these goals. Group members choose one leader of the group for the effective working of group.
Group is defined as a set of two or more individuals that shares a special collective identity and one or more shared disposition associated with the set. All the members of group are inter-dependent and have awareness that they are part of a group. They are influenced by the other members of the group. A group should fulfill following conditions.
- People must interact with each other.
- People must have awareness about all the members of group.
- People should identify them as a group or collective entity.
Every job in the organisation has different tasks to be done and these tasks are interdependent. Group facilitates the cooperation in the group. Group means two or more person interacting and helping each other for the accomplishment of the goals. Groups are valuable for the association as they grant norms of behavior for the group members. Work groups provide security to the group members and can put pressure on management whenever required for the betterment of the group members. Group members react collectively whenever they face any problem.
Types of group:
There are two kinds of groups in the workplace they co-exist.
Formal group: Such groups are part of the organizational structure. They are formed consciously by the management to get the work done by the employees. These groups are delegated some extent of authority and responsibility so that work can be done without any delay. The pattern of the communication is well defined. Rules and regulations laid by the management must be followed by the group members.
Informal group: Informal groups are formed in the organization spontaneously because of the interaction of the people in the group. These groups are not created by the management but by the individuals. These groups are naturally formed and satisfy the social need of the individuals. In large organizations there are many informal groups and they are collectively known as informal organisation. It focuses on people and not on the position.