Levels of Management

Level of management tells about the position of the manager in an organization on the basis of authority. Thus on the basis of authority and responsibility management can be divided in three types

  1. Top Management

2. Middle Management

3. Lower Management

Top Management: Top management consists of owner, board of directors, chief executive officer, managing director and general manager. These people are not engaged in the day to day operational activities of the organization. Their activities consists of

  • Determining the objectives and goals of the enterprises
  • Framing policies and plans to achieve the goals
  • Assembling the resources like money men material
  • Exercising effective control
  • Providing overall leadership

Middle Management: Middle management consists of senior middle management or functional heads like production manager, finance manager, marketing manage and junior middle management like branch heads divisional heads. This level of the management is basically acts as link between top and low level management. Their major activities are

  • Implementing the policies and plan laid down by the top management.
  • Preparation of organizational setup in their departments
  • Selecting suitable operative and supervisory personnel
  • Assigning duties and responsibilities to lower management
  • Maintaining Coordination between departments
  • Collecting reports and information on performance
  • Reporting to top management

Lower management: It consists of supervisors, superintendents and foreman.  They are direct in touch with technical work and workers. Actual execution of plans and polices took place at this level. Their activities includes

  • Planning of day to day work
  • Give orders to execute the work
  • They arrange material and equipment for workers
  • Provide job training to workers
  • Maintain proper discipline in section and good relation among the workers
  • Communicate the problems of workers to higher levels

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