India- Mahanadi River

  • Mahanadi is major river in east Central India.
  • The word Mahanadi comes from Sanskrit word maha means ‘Great” nadi means ‘ river’.
  • The Mahanadi river rises near Sihawa in Raipur district of Chhattisgarh.
  • It flows through Odisha to reach the Bay of Bengal.
  • Total length of this river is 860 kilometers.
  • Its total catchment area is spread over 1.42 lakh square kilometers.
  • Its drainage basin is shared by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha.
  • 53% of the drainage basin of this river lies in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh while 47% lies in Odisha.
  • Hirakud dam is built on Mahanadi river. Which is the longest earthen dam in the world built in sambalpur region of Odisha.
  • This river lies 11 kilometer above sea level, in a dense patch of forest of Sihawa town of Dhamtari district of Chhattisgarh.
  • Principal tributaries of Mahanadi are Jonk, Hasdeo, Mand, Ib, Ong and Tel.
  • After independence, it was the first major multipurpose project.