Nile River

  • The Nile River is the major north flowing river in north eastern part of Africa to drain into Mediterranean sea near Alexandria.
  • The Nile river is longest river in Africa as well on the earth.
  • The name Nile is comes from the Greek word “Neilos”, which means valley.
  • Ancient Egyptians called the river Ar or Aur means black because of the color of the sediment left after the flood.
  • Hapi was the god of annual flooding of the Nile river.
  • Total length of this river is about 6,650 kilometres.
  • Total basin covers an area of 3,400,000 km square.
  • Maximum Width of this river is 2.8 km. The widest part of Nile is at Edfu and smallest part in width is at Silwa gorge near Aswan.
  • Average depth of this river is 8 to 11 meter (26 to 36 feet).
  • Its average discharge is 3.1 million litres per second.
  • The white Nile and Blue Nile are two main tributary rivers of Nile river that flow into this river. The blue Nile is the major tributary of Nile.
  • The white Nile originates in great lake regions of central Africa and flows northward.
  • Nile river is formed from white Nile which originates near at lake Victoria in Burundi and Rwanda.
  • The blue Nile originates at lake Tana in Ethiopia and flows into Sudan from south west.
  • The blue Nile and white Nile meets at Sudan and after that go on their long journey.
  • This river flows through 11 countries: Ethiopia, Republic of Sudan, South Sudan, Egypt Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi, The democratic of republic of Congo, Eritrea, and Kenya.
  • This river is primary source water for Sudan and Egypt.
  • Major cities on this river are Jinja, Juba, Khartoum and Cairo.
  • In Egypt, Nile river creates a fertile green valley across the dessert.
  • The Nile delta is 100 miles long and 150 miles wide.

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