General Knowledge Geography

Venus (Shukra in Hindi) 

Goddess of spring, beauty and bloom

  • Diameter 12,104km
  • Density 5.24 g/cm3
  • Radius 6,051.8 km
  • Its orbit or revolution period around sun  255 days
  • The spin or rotation period on its axis 243 days.
  • Its distance from the sun  108.39 million km.
  • Surface temperature is 867oF (464oC)
  • Compositions 96% carbon dioxide and 3% nitrogen and other gases
  • Moon/ satellites none
  • Nicknames morning star, evening star, earth’s twin.
  • Colour of Venus  light yellowish
  • Discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610.
  • also Classified as Inferior planet, terrestrial planet, rocky planet, inner planet 
  • Venus is also Known by two different Greek names Phosphorous when it appears as a ‘morning star’ and Hesperus when it appears as an ‘evening star’ 
  • Rotates on its axis from east to west
  • It rotates clockwise (east to west) on its axis and orbit/revolved around the sun in an anticlockwise (west to east) direction.
  • It is made up of rocks that’s why it is called rocky planet.
  • Like mercury, Venus is also inferior planet (Inferior means whose orbit is closer to the sun than the earth’s)
  • Terrestrial planet.
  • Like mercury, earth, mars, Venus is also one of the four inner planets.
  • Venus is second planet from the sun.
  • Nearest planet to the earth and lies in the orbit of the earth.
  • Brightest planet in the solar system.
  • Third brightest object in the sky after sun and moon.
  • Venus is known as the “Evening star” when it appears in the western sky as well as “Morning star” when it appears in the eastern sky.
  • It can be seen easily after the sunset.
  • It is surrounded by thick and dense atmosphere composed of carbon dioxide with a thick, global sulfuric acid cloud, hence it is known as “Veiled Planet.”
  • It is the hottest planet in our solar system (hotter than mercury planet) due to its veil cloud cover.
  • Like Uranus planet, it also rotates clockwise (east to west).
  • Venus is closest in size, mass and density to its orbital neighbour earth, that’s why it is known as “Earth’s twin.”
  • Venus has no water.
  • There is no sufficient oxygen.
  • As it rotates on its axis from east to west to an observer on Venus, the sun would appear to rise in the west and set in the east.
  • Atmosphere of Venus has traces of sulphur dioxide and water vapours.
  • It is named for goddess of love and beauty whose function encompass love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and victory. Most features on this planet are named for women. It is the only planet named after a female god.
  • Venus doesn’t have a moon but it does have a temporary quasi-satellite that has officially been named Zoozve. It is discovered on 11th Nov 2002 by Brian A. Skiff at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff Arizona United States.