Vitamins and their sources

General Knowledge Science

Vitamins and their sources:


Chemical name


Deficiency Diseases due to lack of vitamin

Sources for vitamin

Vitamin A Retinol Fat Night blindness, colour blindness Milk, egg, cheese, green vegetables, ripe yellow fruits, cod liver oil, carrot, pumpkin etc.
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Water Beriberi, Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome Pork, brown rice, Ground nuts pulses, egg, vegetables etc.
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Water Cracking of skin, red dish eye, cracking of tongue Banana , green vegetables, milk
Vitamin B3 Niacin, Niacinamide, Nicotinamide riboside Water Pellagra Meat , fish, egg, mushrooms , tree nut, tomato, sugarcane etc.
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid Water Paraesthesia Meat, broccoli, avocados  etc.
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxin, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal Water Anaemia, skin disease, Peripheral neuropathy Vegetables, meat, grains etc.
Vitamin B7 Biotin Water Dermatitis, body pain, hair fall Meat, Raw, egg, liver, milk, yolk, peanuts, leafy green vegetables  etc.
Vitamin 9 Folates, folic acid Water Deficiency during pregnancy which is associated with birth defects. Leafy vegetables, bread, Cereal, liver etc.
Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin, Hydroxocobalamin, Methyl cobalamin,  Adenosyl cobalamin Water Anaemia, Jaundice Meat, Poultry, fish, Egg, milk etc.
Vitamin C Ascorbic acid Water Scurvy, swelling of gums or bleeding gum  Citrus fruits like orange, amla and vegetables
Vitamin D Cholecalciferol(D3),



Fat Rickets and Osteomalacia Egg, liver, mushrooms, fish etc.
Vitamin E Tocopherols Fat Less fertility Many fruits, and vegetables, nuts, seeds, seed oils
Vitamin K Phylloquinone Fat Bleeding diathesis Leafy vegetables, egg, yolk, liver