Vitamins and their sources

Vitamins Chemical name Solubility Deficiency Diseases due to lack of vitamin Sources of vitamin
Vitamin A Retinol Fat Night blindness, color blindness Milk, egg, cheese, green vegetables, ripe yellow fruits, cod liver oil, carrot, pumpkin etc.
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Water Beriberi, Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome Pork, brown rice, Ground nuts pulses, egg, vegetables etc.
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Water Cracking of skin, red dish eye, cracking of tongue Banana , green vegetables, milk
Vitamin B3 Niacin, Niacinamide, Nicotinamide riboside Water Pellagra Meat , fish, egg, mushrooms , tree nut, tomato, sugarcane etc.
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid Water Paraesthesia Meat, broccoli, avocados  etc.
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxin, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal Water Anaemia, skin disease, Peripheral neuropathy Vegetables, meat, grains etc.
Vitamin B7 Biotin Water Dermatitis, body pain, hair fall Meat, Raw, egg, liver, milk, yolk, peanuts, leafy green vegetables  etc.
Vitamin 9 Folates, folic acid Water Deficiency during pregnancy which is associated with birth defects. Leafy vegetables, bread, Cereal, liver etc.
Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin, Hydroxocobalamin, Methyl cobalamin,  Adenosyl cobalamin Water Anaemia, Jaundice Meat, Poultry, fish, Egg, milk etc.
Vitamin C Ascorbic acid Water Scurvy, swelling of gums or bleeding gum  Citrus fruits like orange, amla and vegetables
Vitamin D Cholecalciferol(D3),

Ergocalciferol(D2)

 

Fat Rickets and Osteomalacia Egg, liver, mushrooms, fish etc.
Vitamin E Tocopherols Fat Less fertility Many fruits, and vegetables, nuts, seeds, seed oils
Vitamin K Phylloquinone Fat Bleeding diathesis Leafy vegetables, egg, yolk, liver

Random Posts

  • United Nations

    It is an association of nations which have pledged themselves to maintain peace and they will co-operate in solving the […]

  • Moulding sand

    Moulding sand: Moulding sand (Foundry sand) is used to make mould in sand casting process. Molding sand is found on […]

  • Mahanadi River

    Mahanadi is major river in east Central India. The word Mahanadi comes from Sanskrit word maha means ‘Great” nadi means […]

  • Value engineering

    Value engineering: Value engineering is used to increase the value of products. Value is a ratio of function to cost. […]